Ciba Pentandra: Maya’s Sacred Tree


The ceiba tree (otherwise called ceiba pentandra and kapok or silk-cotton tree) is a tropical tree local to North and South America and Africa. In Central America, ciba was of extraordinary representative significance to the antiquated Maya, and its name in the Maya language is Yax Che (“Green Tree” or “First Tree”).

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Kapoki’s Three Surroundings

The ceiba has a thick, buttressed trunk with a high overhang that can grow up to 70 m (230 ft) in level. Three forms of the tree are tracked down on our planet: a goliath tree filled in tropical rainforests with prickly thistles emerging from its trunk. The subsequent structure fills in the West African savanna and is a little tree with a smooth trunk. The third structure is intentionally developed, with fewer branches and a smoother trunk. Its organic products are reaped for their kapok fiber, which is utilized to stuff sleeping pads, cushions and life saves: this is the tree that covers a portion of the structures at Angkor Wat, Cambodia.

The variant appreciated by the Maya is the rainforest form, which colonizes stream banks and fills in numerous rainforest environments. It develops quickly as a youthful tree to between 2-4 m (6.5-13 ft) every year. Its trunk depends on 3 m (10 ft) wide and has no lower branches: all things considered, the branches are grouped at the top with an umbrella-like covering. Ciba organic products contain a lot of cottony kapok strands that catch the small seeds and are conveyed by wind and water. During its blossoming period, ceiba draws in bats and moths to its nectar, creating in excess of 10 liters (2 gallons) of nectar per tree each evening and an expected 200 l (45 ladies) per streaming season.

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The World Tree In Maya Mythology

Ciba was the most consecrated tree to the old Maya, and as per Maya folklore, it was an image of the universe. The tree represents the way of correspondence between the three levels of the earth. Its underlying foundations are said to arrive at the hidden world, its trunk addresses the center of reality where people reside, and the overhang of its branches curved high overhead to represent the upper world and the thirteen levels into which the Maya paradise was isolated.

As indicated by the Maya, the world is a fifth, with four directional quadrilaterals and a focal space relating to the fifth course. The tones related to quincunx are red in the east, white in the north, dark in the west, yellow in the south, and green in the middle.

World Tree Rendition

Albeit the idea of a world tree is in some measure as old as the Olmec period, pictures of the Maya world tree range from late Preclassic San Bartolo frescoes (first century BC) to the mid-sixteenth hundred years to late Postclassic Maya codices. are in time. , Images frequently have hieroglyphic inscriptions that partner with specific quadrilaterals and explicit divinities.

The most well-known post-exemplary variants are from the Madrid Codex (pp. 75-76) and the Dresden Codex (p.3a). The exceptionally adapted picture above is from the Madrid Codex, and researchers have recommended that it addresses a design include intended to represent a tree. Beneath it is portrayed two gods, Chak Chel on the left and Itzamana on the right, the maker team of the Yucatec Maya. The Dresden Codex shows a tree developing from the chest of a conciliatory casualty.

Different pictures of the World Tree are on the Temple of the Cross and the Leafy Cross in Palenque: however, they don’t have the monster trunks or thistles of Siba.

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